Tom Clark's Blog

3 Famous Landmark Cases that Made a Difference

Do you know that your case can turn out to be among one of the important landmark decisions? Yes, with the right legal representation, it’s possible.
In the United States, the supreme court handles the most crucial cases. Due to this, it has a reputation for solving cases that have shaped the history of the country.
This court has new laws that citizens will have to abide with for years to come. As with most legal areas, the judicial system of different countries evolves with time. Even the best personal injury attorney has to know the law to make arguments in court.
There are numerous changes that occur each day, requiring the laws need to be modified to keep up with these changes. For instance, laws that may have worked in the 18th century may not work as effectively today. Here are three famous Supreme Court cases that matter.
[b]The Nirbhaya Case That Changed the Juvenile Judicial Act[/b]
On [url=]December 16th, 2012[/url], in the neighborhood of Munirka in South Delhi, a 23-year-old girl, Jyoti Singh Pandey, was raped and killed in a fatal assault. The girl was a physiotherapy intern. She was beaten, tortured and gang-raped in a private bus where she was traveling with a friend, Awindra Pratap Pandey.
In the bus, there were six other people including the driver. All of them were raped or beaten. A minor lured the girls into the bus d by telling them that the bus was going their way. At 9.30 pm they boarded the bus.
Pandey became suspicious that the bus was not following the normal route to their destinations and the doors were shut so no more passengers could come on board. When he asked about it, the men began taunting them, asking what they were doing out alone at such a late hour.
During this argument, the men attacked him, beat him, ganged him and knocked him unconscious using an iron rod. They then took Jyoti to the rear of the bus and beat her with an iron rod, and raped her multiple times. The driver continued to drive the bus as the men assaulted the girl. They then threw both of them out of the moving bus.
[b]Investigations and Supreme Court Ruling[/b]
Doctors later confirmed that the girl had serious injuries to her genitals, abdomen, and intestines. It is suspected that the assailants inserted the corroded l-shaped metal rod into her abdomen, rapturing her internal organs. According to reports, one of the victims saw the assailants pulling a cable-like object out of her, which could have been her intestines.
The penetration with the two blood-stained metal rods found in the bus caused massive damage to her intestines, genitals, and uterus. Jyoti succumbed to her injuries and died at 4.58am on December 29th, 2012.
The five adults were sentenced to 10 years in prison while the juvenile was sent to a correctional facility for 3 years. However, people protested and they wanted him tried as an adult. Thus, the changes made to the juvenile justice act 2000, where the age to be tried as an adult dropped from 18 to 16 years.
[b]Right to Live Famous Supreme Court Cases[/b]
Cruzan v. Director, Missouri Department of Health remains an important landmark case in the health department.
On the [url=]11th of January 1983[/url], Nancy Cruzan a 25-year-old lost control of her car at night near Carthage, Missouri. In the accident, she was thrown from her car and landed face down into a water-filled ditch. When paramedics got to her, she had no vital signs. However, they resuscitated her.
Three weeks later, she was diagnosed with a persistent vegetative state. PSV is a consciousness disorder where patients have severe brain damage and partial arousal, which isn’t true awareness. Surgeons operated on her and inserted a feeding tube that would care for her in the long term.
Five years later in 1988, her parents asked doctors to remove her feeding tube. The hospital said they could only do that if a court order was presented because the removal of this feeding tube would cause death.
The parents received the court order to remove the feeding tube. In the trial, the courts found that the parents had the fundamental right to direct the removal or withholding of life support machines when the individual concerned had no brain function and there is no hope for further recovery.
Earlier that year, Nancy had also told her friend that if she was ever injured or sick, she did not want to have a helpless life. This was the first “right to die” case the Supreme Court had ever heard. The parents needed to show evidence of what their incompetent daughter would have wanted.
Hiring the [url=]best personal injury attorney[/url] would have helped them file a claim against the insurance company for damaged caused, though this wouldn't have brought their daughter back. The investigation would have shed light on the real cause of the accident.
[b]Supreme Court Decision[/b]
Cruzan v. Director, Missouri Department of Health set the following precedents:
[ul][li]It set out the rules needed for third parties to refuse treatment on behalf of incompetent persons.[/li] [li]It also established that the right to die was not a right guaranteed by the constitution.[/li] [/ul][b]Reynolds v. United States[/b]
In this case, [url=]conducted in 1878[/url], it determined that religious duties were not enough defense for criminal indictments. Reynolds was the first Supreme Court case that addressed the first amendments of the protection of religious liberties.
George Renolds, a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Days Saints, was accused of bigamy after he married Amelia Jane Schofield while she was still the wife to Mary Ann Tuddenham.
He argued that his case would be overturned because he had the religious right to marry as many times as he needed and that this right was protected by the First Amendment Act because they were part of his religious rights.
[b]Supreme Court Decision[/b]
The Supreme Court agreed that according to the first amendment, Congress did not have the right to make rules that prohibited the freedom to exercise religion. The ruling needed to distinguish from religious beliefs and actions that came from these religious beliefs.
[b]From These Famous Supreme Court Cases, Most Laws Have Been Changed and Improved[/b]
In the words of Aristotle, man is the noblest of all animals. But in the exempt of law and justice, he is the worst. It can be seen that famous Supreme Court Cases are won by competent and professional lawyers.
If you need more information on where to get the best lawyers and which actions to take when arrested, visit our website.

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